Evan Suma wants to get you off the couch.
The USC Viterbi School of Engineering professor’s desire to propel people to action is so strong he constructed a virtual reality escalator as part of his PhD thesis. He’s also created free software using a Microsoft Kinect so that body movements, rather than keystrokes, can control play in video games like World of Warcraft. A 2010 video he made showcasing his sans-sofa software went viral.
But that is not all that’s catching on.
“There is a cognitive cost to using joysticks and sitting in front of a monitor that can prevent you from really feeling like you are in another place,” said Suma, a professor in USC Viterbi’s Department of Computer Science. “Moving around in a virtual environment is still an unsolved problem, but people are now paying attention in a way they have not before.”
Researchers have put people in giant hamster balls or had them walk on treadmills, but Suma’s work aims to let individuals move more naturally. As part of his doctoral dissertation at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Suma developed a technique called “Change Blindness Redirection,” which involves moving the location of doorways behind a person once they have entered a virtual room.
Suma’s perceptual trick — which turns a small physical space into an endless virtual one — caught the attention of Mark Bolas, associate professor of interactive media at the USC School of Cinematic Arts and director of ICT’s Mixed Reality Lab, who had been conducting research in redirected walking.
Suma joined Bolas’ group at USC and before long the team had people convinced they were traversing long hallways and going in and out of rooms when in fact they were walking in a small circle in the lab. In studies of the technique, only one out of 77 participants perceived the perceptual illusion.
Room for improvement
Current research efforts include exploring new ways of shape shifting, including compressing spaces and making hallways overlap so that each time someone enters a room, it appears much larger than it could actually be.
“In the real world, space does not change, doors don’t move, rooms have to fit within a building’s physical dimensions,” Suma said. “In virtual reality we can break the laws of physics, and it turns out most people don’t notice. As designers, we can use that to our advantage to create more powerful experiences.”
Those experiences go beyond games. Suma’s work is funded by the U.S. Army Research Lab, which is interested in virtual reality training to replicate real-world conditions. Locomotion is an important aspect to simulating scenarios in which soldiers don’t sit, like going out on patrols, for example.
Suma, along with his PhD student Mahdi Azmandian, is also investigating ways to allow for free exploration in which the walker is no longer constrained by a path and where the computer can automatically change the environment as the user moves around. His future goal is to allow groups of people to roam simultaneously.
Suma is literally pushing the boundaries of how people interact in immersive environments. The steps he is taking — and studying — also represent advances in the field of human-computer interaction, allowing for everything from more realistic virtual experiences to the ability to put one’s virtual self in an environment.
That’s right. Suma has contributed to technology that can put you directly in a game. Just don’t ask him to include your couch.