The lunar environment poses a unique challenge for architectural design of large, fully enclosed spaces. The vacuum of space is compounded by large temperature variations, lethal radiation and micrometeoritic activity.
However, the rugged terrain, the contrasting relief presented by the very deep valleys and peaks of the lunar south polar region offers exciting possibilities to build structures upon.
The aim in our design is to keep the inhabitants as comfortable and productive during the long periods associated with extended duration missions � more than a year at a time. Since such missions have not yet been attempted, we can only speculate on what these habitats and spaces might look like.
Based in analogous experiences here on Earth including those in the Antarctic and on deep sea oil rigs, we attempt to derive some patterns that may be applied to lunar dwellings. Conceptual design, construction methods merits and limitations are discussed. Several alternative concepts are explored and results presented.