Two-thirds of the American public said religion coverage is too sensationalized in the news media – a view held by less than 30 percent of reporters, according to the results of a survey released today.
And less than one-fifth of journalists, or 18.9 percent, said they are “very knowledgeable” about religion. Most reporters in that minority said they are mainly familiar with their own religious traditions, not the wider array of faiths and practices, the survey showed.
The results come from a first-of-its-kind survey of both reporters and the audiences they serve by the Knight Program in Media and Religion at USC and the Ray C. Bliss Institute of Applied Politics at the University of Akron.
“News organizations are rightly worried about creating smart business plans and developing cutting-edge technology. But they’re overlooking their most basic resource: knowledgeable reporters,” said Diane Winston, holder of the Knight Chair in Media and Religion at the USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism. “News consumers want more reporting on authentic religious experience and a lot less on polarizing religious politics. But reporters can’t do that if all they know about religion is what they hear in church or – ironically – what they read in the news.”
A majority of both the public and reporters said the news media “does a poor job of explaining religion in society,” with 57.1 percent and 51.8 percent in agreement, respectively.
Both the public and reporters ranked TV news lowest in the quality and quantity of religion coverage compared to other media, with 28.1 percent of the public and 8 percent of reporters responding that broadcast news provided “good” religion coverage.
The report was based on two surveys conducted between Feb. 15 and May 11, 2010 by the Center for Marketing and Opinion Research in Akron, Ohio.
The first was a telephone survey of a national random sample of 2,000 American adults with a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points. The second was an online survey distributed to a random sample of journalists with 800 usable responses and a margin of error of plus or minus 4 percentage points.
“Religion figures into American politics, popular culture, foreign policy and even the economy more strongly than ever before,” said John C. Green, director of the Ray C. Bliss Institute of Applied Politics, who managed the study. “But the disconnect between news consumers and producers suggests that current news media coverage isn’t making the importance of these overlapping relationships clear. This situation presents the news media with both a challenge and an opportunity at a moment when innovation in the profession is paramount.”
Among the study’s other findings:
• The American public sees religion in starkly polarized terms. Nearly half, or 43.6 percent, believes religion is a source of conflict in the world, while a narrow majority, 52.6 percent, sees it as a fount of good. Most reporters, 56.1 percent, consider religion to be a mixed bag, offering both benefits and drawbacks for society. But only 3.8 percent of the public shares this more circumspect angle on religion.
• Not surprisingly, then, most reporters believe their audiences want personality-driven religion news related to specific institutions and events. But despite the aforementioned polarization, 69.7 percent of Americans said they’re interested in more complex coverage that looks at religious experiences and spiritual practice.
• A strong majority of the public, 62.5 percent, said religion coverage is important to them, but nearly one-third of the rapidly growing cohort of those with no religious affiliation said they aren’t interested in religion coverage.
• Christians from ethnic minorities constitute more than one-third of news consumers who said they generally are very interested in the news and have a particular interest in religion. In contrast, white evangelical Protestants tend to care specifically about religion news but less about the news in general.
The Ford Foundation provided funding for the survey.